Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 increased the nodule numbers in Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 by 144%, 188% and 56%, respectively over their respective uninoculated plots. The rhizobium activity and N2 fixation are reduced when the system lacks phosphorus (P) since P serves as energy source for the rhizobia and also stimulates early root growth and enhances the formation of lateral and fibrous root systems which are essential for nodule formation. Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important grain legume produced in northern Ghana. The plants were gently scooped up with a spade and the roots were washed on a sieve under a jet of tap water and then placed on a paper towel in the shade to air-dry. Similarly, farmers Abdul Haque, Lokman Hossain, and Saiduzzaman, of Char Biswanath village in Kawnia upazila of Rangpur said they have cultivated groundnut on more char lands this year to recoup the crop losses they incurred during recent floods. Area Harvested (Million hectares) Yield (Metric tons per hectare) Production (Million metric tons) Change in Production From Last Year; Commodity “We are selling groundnut to the retailers at rates between Tk 3,600 and Tk 4,000 per maund depending on varieties and qualities, after purchasing those from farmers and local markets,” he added. This notwithstanding, [6] reported that P is a limiting factor in plant nutrition as a result of the deficit of available soluble phosphate in the soil. P enhances photosynthetic activities of plants and also acts as an energy source for the rhizobium bacteria. The study was carried out at the experimental field of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute (CSIR-SARI) in the Northern Region of Ghana. As a result of conducting massive motivational activities by the DAE and other agri-related organisations, farmers are increasing cultivation of high yielding varieties of groundnut evolved by Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI). With the consistently increasing demand of groundnut in the food industries and export of the products abroad, farmers are showing keen interests in enhancing groundnut cultivation on main lands and char areas to reap more benefits than other crops. 2020, Article ID 8691757, 7 pages, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1155/2020/8691757, 1CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. Physical and chemical properties of the soil of the trial site at Nyankpala, northern Ghana. Farmers Nekkar Ali and Bachchu Mian of Char Nawani Para in the same upazila said they have cultivated groundnut on one acre and four acres of land respectively this season after getting bumper production and excellent prices in recent years. This confirms that the response of groundnut to rhizobium inoculation is variety-dependent. In order to determine the moisture content of each lot of haulm, a sub-sample of the haulm was taken from each treatment, weighed and oven-dried at 60°C to a constant weight. The current findings agree with the observation of [17] that inoculating soybean with B. japonicum combined with 46 kg P2O5 ha−1 increased the mean nodule dry weight per plant compared to the uninoculated treatment. Groundnut were sown in 20.09 million ha spread over 85 countries with the production of 22.59 million tonnes (t) and an average productivity of 1.12 t ha-1 (FAO 1989). ADVERTISEMENTS: India is the largest producer of groundnut in the world (32% of world production). In 2016, the country consumed 17.3 million metric tons, translating to a consumption per capita of 12.11 kg against an estimated 13.45 kg. Phosphorus was applied in the form of triple superphosphate (46% P2O5) by side placement two weeks after sowing. The northern area of Ghana is seen to produce more peanuts than any other region of the country. This on-station experiment investigated nodulation and pod yield responses of three groundnut varieties, namely Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 to inoculation with rhizobium inoculants of exotic strains, namely Bradyrhizobium yuanmingense (BR 3267) and USDA 3456 in combination with 0 kg P ha−1, 15 kg P ha−1 and 30 kg P ha−1. The authors acknowledge MarketPlace Project and AGRA Inoculant Project in CSIR-SARI for providing support for the research materials used in this experiment. Review articles are excluded from this waiver policy. Inoculation of legumes with rhizobia generally triggers plant growth, development and yield and it is normally used as a substitute for mineral nitrogen fertilizer which is often costly [3]. According to [5], P enhanced the efficiency of photosynthesis in plants and increased branch numbers and pods per plant thereby contributing to the yield of plants. Inoculation with BR 3267 produced the highest pod yield in all the three varieties with yields increasing from 13 to 40% compared to the uninoculated treatments with Samnut 22 giving the highest yield of 2013 kg ha−1 when the inoculation was with BR 3267 (Figure 2). Each crop variety released has its own attributes and genetic make-up that the breeders focus on when developing it. Also, [8] observed that combined application of phosphorus at 45 kg P ha−1 plus rhizobium inoculants increased nodulation by 56% and recorded significant higher soybean grain yields. The trial was a split-split plot design with three replications. Research work by [7] reveals that legumes inoculated with rhizobium in addition to phosphorus fertilizer respond differently in terms of growth, yield and nitrogen fixation. The interaction between variety and inoculant was significant and P main effect was also significant () with respect to pod load (i.e. Both USDA 3456 and BR 3267 with 30 kg P ha−1 gave statistically similar high yields of 1805 kg ha−1 and 1757 kg ha−1 respectively. December 18, 2020. World production of peanuts was approximately 45 million metric tons in 2017, with China being the world s largest producer. Grasses with scattered trees are the dominant vegetation cover and the soil in the area was a sandy-loam ferric Luvisol. ... 35,397 tons of groundnut production target for Rangpur division. All Rights Reserved. Plants in the middle four rows of each plot were harvested and the pods pricked from the roots and dried in the sun on a concrete floor for a sufficient number of days and then weighed using a digital balance. The dual application of BR 3267 and 30 kg P ha−1 produced the greatest nodule dry weight of 0.69 g per plant with the lowest nodule dry weight of 0.18 g per plant observed when USDA 3456 was inoculated without P fertilizer (Table 2). The result obtained is in agreement with the work done by [22] who reported that combined applications of P and rhizobium inoculant enhanced straw weight of soybean and other legumes. Groundnut Production “ This report describes an approach to assess locations and areal expanses that have potential for the production of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc) across the world. for over 97% of world groundnut area and 95% of total production. In other parts of the world they are boiled, either in the shell or unshelled. The variety main effect was significant () in terms of seed weight. The United States is the third largest producer (2018), and exports about 20-25% of production. Recent World Production, Markets, and Trade Reports . The groundnut variety, Samnut 22 was obtained from the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA), Ibadan, Nigeria and the Oboshie and Obolo were obtained from the Crop Research Institute of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR-CRI), Fumesua, Ghana. Effect of phosphorus on pod loads of three groundnut varieties (the bars represent LSD at, Pod yield responses of three groundnut genotypes to rhizobium inoculation (the bars represent LSD at, Influence of combined application of rhizobium inoculant and P fertilizer on pod yield of groundnut (bars represent LSD at, Varietal effect of groundnut on seed weight (the bars represent LSD at. There is therefore the need to use systems’ internal resources such as biological nitrogen fixation efficiently to enhance crop production. The field was previously planted to maize for three years. Inoculation of Oboshie and Obolo with BR 3267 reduced the days to 50% flowering by 16% in these varieties compared to the uninoculated plants (Table 2). BR 3267 produced the highest number of pods in all the three varieties (Table 4) and increased the pod numbers by 75%, 38% and 12% in Obolo, Samnut 22 and Oboshie, respectively over the uninoculated plants (Table 4). Pakistan at present ranks as the seventh producer of peanuts in the world. All other parts of the plant are used as animal feed [1]. Assuming the level of production of 34 million Mt of groundnut in year 2000, there would be about 6.26 million metric tonnes of groundnut proteins (after correcting for the kernel yield). More than 25% of the groundnut area harvested in the world is in India followed by 20% in China. State Level; Horticulture Crops for 2018-19 (Final) ... CWWG Data as on 06.11.2020 : Download (16.4 MB) The combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 produced the highest nodule number of 69 in Oboshie which was statistically similar to the nodule number produced by Samnut 22 fertilized with 30 kg P ha−1 (Table 3). A. L. Page, R. H. Miller, and D. R. Keeney. The seed weights of both Obolo and Oboshie were respectively approximately twice that of Samnut 22 (Figure 4). Wholesale groundnut trader Mokhlesur Rahman at Rangpur City Bazar Market said groundnut harvested during the last Kharif-1 season are currently being bought from local markets and farmers at rates between Tk 3,400 and 3,700 per maund. Customers often buy the Java (white round shape) for hand to mouth consumption while the peanut butter factories choose bold & Tj depending on the process. The most labor intensive operations in groundnut production – harvesting, stripping and shelling – have now been mechanized to ease the drudgery Read more... Archives December 2020 This is almost 21 per cent higher as compared to the previous year’s estimated production of 45.03 lt. Poor soil fertility, lack of improved varieties, erratic rainfall and drought are some of the production constraints faced by farmers in northern Ghana. Application of 30 kg P ha−1 increased the pod number by 38% compared to the 0 kg P ha−1 treatment (Figure 1). The cultivated groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) probably originated in Bolivia at the base of the Andes (Krapovickas 1968) extending into north Argentina (Ramanatha Rao 1988). In this study, only the 100-seed weight of Obolo was able to match with its passport weight data. This monthly report includes information on U.S. and global imports of dairy products, including maximum quantities that can be imported under tariff-rate quota licensing. In 2018, about 60% of the peanuts grown were made into peanut butter. In many countries groundnuts are consumed as peanut butter or crushed and used for the groundnut oil or simply consumed as a confectionary snack roasted, salted or in sweets. P fertilizer cum rhizobium inoculant also had a great influence on the pod yield of groundnut. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and rhizobium inoculation increased groundnut yield by 64 to 68%. There has been appreciable increase in the area (68.5%) and production (163%) of the crop between 1950-51 and 1998-99. Yield is forecast at a near record 3.82 metric tons per hectare (t/ha), up 1 percent from last month, unchanged from last year, and 4 … Begin lifting groundnuts when 40 to 50 % of the pods are mature. The below-listed states account for about 83-88% of the production, and they are; Kano, Kaduna, Taraba, Bauchi, Bornu, and Adamawa. It is a tropical area and has a mean daily temperature of 26°C and a unimodal rainfall pattern with a mean annual rainfall of 1100 mm [9]. Interaction effect of rhizobium and P fertilizer on nodulation of three groundnut varieties. “The DAE has fixed targets of producing 12,168 tons of groundnut from 6,160 hectares of land for Rangpur agriculture region and 23,129 tons from 11,570 hectares for Dinajpur agriculture region in the division this time,” Moniruzzaman added. There was no interaction effect on variety, phosphorus and inoculant together on days to 50% flowering but the interaction of variety and inoculant as well as the interaction of P fertilizer and inoculant were significant (). This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Influence of rhizobium strains on pod loads of three groundnut varieties. BR 3267 was the appropriate strain that was able to enhance nodulation, growth and pod yield of groundnut. It has been established that application of P fertilizer stimulates node and pod formation in legumes [18] so the 30 kg P ha−1 may have caused this increase via increased pod node formation. The groundnut varieties responded differently to the combined applications of each of the two inoculant strains with P in terms of nodule number. Inoculation of the three groundnut varieties with both rhizobium strains USDA 3456 and BR 3267 reduced the period of flowering compared to the uninoculated groundnut varieties (Table 2). Data were recorded on days to 50% flowering, nodule number, nodule dry weight, pod load, pod yield, haulm weight and seed size (as 100-seed weight). The crop is grown mainly for its seed and it comprises 40–50% oil, 20–30% protein and contains vitamin B as well. Peanut oil: global production volume 2012/13-2019/20 Published by M. Shahbandeh, May 19, 2020 This statistic shows the production volume of peanut oil worldwide from 2012/13 to 2019/20. Explore the archive of production & price information of Peanut, and identify your top Peanut supplier candidates. Uninoculated Samnut 22 with 30 kg P ha−1 application produced statistically the same number of nodules as inoculated Samnut 22 fertilized with 30 kg P ha−1 (Table 3). The production of peanut in the country contributes significantly to the economy. Total crop forecast for the 2016/2017 season is 35 000t, but Gerhard thinks total production will not reach 18 000t. In the year 2019, China was the biggest peanut producer with a production of 17.5 million metric tons. Indian groundnuts are available in different varieties: Bold or Runner, Java or Spanish and Red Natal. The higher pod yield by Samnut 22 compared with Obolo and Oboshie might not be due to a bigger seed size but probably due to a higher number of seeds per pod. All inoculated P-fertilized plants flowered earlier than the plants without both P fertilizer and inoculation, with combined applications of BR 3267 and 30 kg P ha−1 reducing the days to 50% flowering by six days compared with the no P uninoculated plot (Table 2). Harvested area is estimated at 2.8 million hectares, up 2 percent from last month, 3 percent over last year, and 18 percent above the 5-year average. It is the number of days from planting to the time when 50% of the plants had flowered. Total of 10 plants groundnut production in world 2020 farmers earn their great fortune by farming peanuts on massive land.! Of P and inoculant on haulm yields of three groundnut varieties accounting for nearly 41 % of the was. The combined use of P and inoculants increased yields of three groundnut varieties responded to... Help fast-track new submissions decision-making data in the area was a sandy-loam ferric Luvisol are... 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